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Markets Served — Who Knew?

PMPA members shared the markets they served in 2022. The top 5 may surprise you.

by Miles Free III

Director of Industry Affairs, PMPA

Published May 1, 2023

Every year, the PMPA does a survey of our membership to determine the critical topics they are seeing as we prepare
for our advocacy in Washington D.C. before Congress and working with executive branch agencies. This year’s survey
showed continued high interest in many areas of concern, particularly around expensing, depreciation and recovering research and development investments. But the surprising takeaway for me was to see how the percentage of shops serving the various market segments has changed just since last year.

Historically, the top five markets most heavily served by our North American precision machining shops have been light vehicle, aerospace, medical device and implant, industrial machinery and equipment, and agricultural equipment/off highway. One of the interesting facts is that in many years, the category “all other” is often the third or fourth largest category — our shops’ high precision, high-performance components empower many different systems in a wide variety of industries. This year, “all other” came in eighth position showing just how strongly the demand from our primary markets has been. This year’s surprise? Oil and gas customers were the second place market served with 61% of survey respondents reporting sales to that industry.

Industrial machinery and equipment came in first position, claiming shipments from 66% or two thirds of respondents.
Automotive light truck came in third position tied with medical with 55% of this year’s survey respondents producing parts for those industries. Agriculture and off road came in fourth place, tied with defense/ordnance at 53% of respondents producing for these industries. Aerospace, typically our shops number two or three industry in terms of
being served by our shops, came in fifth position, tied with heavy truck which is served by half of our survey participants.
Appliances, electronics, telecommunications, new/renewable energy (think solar, wind, hydro) and computer/business machines filled the remainder of named markets served.

Every shop is different, and even though many shops use similar machine tools, equipment and technology, each organization has its own strengths and focus as far as understanding and meeting customer requirements — both explicit and implicit. But what the shifting number of shops serving each of these different markets showed me is
that our shops also have a flexibility, an agility to meet the needs of the greater market. Yes, a shop may be a strong
provider of high-volume, low-mix critical components for autos and light trucks, but that does not mean they cannot
also be a supplier for a variety of other components in smaller quantities for other industries.

The greatest surprise to me, however, from this year’s survey results, was the strong showing of oil/gas as the market served by the second largest cohort of shops in our survey. I would never have thought that oil/gas — aka dinosaur juice, according to the pundits inside the beltway — would be the second most important market for our shops for contract parts production. And yet we are. This flies in the face of all of the policy and legislative initiatives for reducing CO2, climate change and ESG considerations in the federal government — I counted 54 separately listed entries in the Energy Information Administration’s Table 1 Included and excluded Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) provisions in the Annual Energy Outlook 2023 publication.

Despite the reports and forecasts of energy-related CO2 emissions falling 25%-38% below 2005 levels, our shops are
finding components for oil and gas to be the second largest segment of their current book of business. If we were to
add the percentage of shops also claiming renewable and new energy production orders market, the percentage of
shops serving “all energy” rises to number one position — with the largest number of our shops producing components.

Our takeaways? Despite all of the press attention on new and renewable energy, and CO2 reduction, the oil and gas market is surprisingly our industry’s second-ranked market served by percentage of shops responding. It is second to industrial machinery and equipment, ahead of automotive and light truck in third position, with medical and aerospace tying for fourth.  is ranking is quite an upset. All of these markets are human-safety critical, where requirements for safety, quality and integrity of product are of the highest importance.

For the old timers who think our industry is just about hose fittings and high volumes of commodity parts, our latest survey tells a much different story. We are the people that make things. Things that provide all of us with energy.
Energy that makes things go. Without energy there is no supply chain — nor need for one. Take the reports of the
impending death of dino juice and ICE vehicles with a healthy dose of critical thinking. While these markets are
expected to decline, our shops are currently finding plenty of opportunity to add value as they produce needed critical
components. In the long term, our parts count and book of business could shrink. But we were completely surprised
to see that the oil/gas market is, as of 2023, our second largest market served.



Miles Free III is the PMPA Director of Industry Affairs with over 50 years of experience in the areas of manufacturing, quality and steelmaking. Miles’ podcast is at Email Miles