PMPA Business Trends July 2022

Sales reported by PMPA Business Trends Participants decreased by 12 percent, to our sixth highest level of sales ever at 154. Three of our four sentiment indicators pivoted markedly positive, Sales, Profitability, and Lead Times pointing to positivity in the next three months, Outlook for employment remains level at 94 percent. The data continue to show a strong year ahead for our shops sales, despite the challenges we face.

If you are not currently participating in PMPA’s Monthly Business Trends reporting, you are missing an excellent peer benchmark and a tool to provide you with confidence for your business decisions. Contact Veronica Durden to sign up.



PMPA Business Trends June 2022

The PMPA Business Trends Index increased from 167 in May, to 175 in June-  increasing eight points or 4.8 percent, our index’s second highest value ever. It is up 27 points or 18 percent from June a year ago. PMPA’s Business Trends June sales increase dramatically outpaced the broader manufacturing sector’s two-month decline. Our Sales Index’s continued strong performance is likely a reflection of higher transaction prices across the value chain. Achieving our second highest level of sales- ever- was totally unexpected in June, indicating the urgency for critical components as global supply chains fail to maintain promised deliveries. This makes our ability to deliver parts “business saving” to our OEM customers.

All of our sentiment indicators pivoted in a negative direction, which is not unexpected as we are at record and sustained levels of sales and overtime.

The data continue to show a strong year for our shops’ sales, despite the challenges that we face in the overall economy.  The combination of all factors discussed in this report makes a strong case that demand and sales of our products are at or near a peak.

If you are not currently participating in PMPA’s Monthly Business Trends reporting, you are missing an excellent peer benchmark and a tool to provide you with confidence for your business decisions. Contact Veronica Durden to sign up.



PMPA Testifies on Impact of Section 232 Tariffs to USITC


PMPA’s Director of Industry Affairs, Miles Free,  provided testimony, as did Rich Hoster president of Smith and Richardson,  supported by Omar Nashashibi  of The Franklin Partnership, regarding the impact of the 232 Tariffs, first imposed by the Trump administration, and continuing on today.


“ Without availability, we cannot make parts, plain and simple. If the goal of the Section 232 tariffs was to substantially increase the supply of steel and aluminum in the U.S., they did not achieve that goal. If the goal was to incentivize the reshoring of downstream parts made with steel and aluminum, it had the opposite effect.”

Link to Testimony


One of the points that we made was that obtaining steel was not like buying Coke or Pepsi- due to customer requirements for safety and functionality, often a PPAP or other  lengthy customer approval process is needed. That point was taken up by one of the commissioners, who asked the panels that followed about substitutability in their applications.


Our testimony, along with that of others, made the front page of Steel Times International- Gains overshadowed by losses.


Rich Hoster, President of PMPA member company Smith and Richardson also provided testimony on their company’s experience with material sourcing difficulties resulting from the tariffs.


“Even pre-pandemic, we did not see the tariffs increase the supply of the type of steel we use, we did not see China or other countries contributing to the oversupply change their behavior as a result of the tariffs, and we certainly did not generate new business when Washington increased the price of our most important input. The Section 232 tariffs on steel and aluminum continue to have a negative impact on our business and we expect that impact to only worsen with ongoing inflation and the expected economic slowdown.”


PMPA is a founding member of the industry Coalition of Metal Manufacturers and Users (CAMMU) who issued a press release that you can view here.



Take Your “Economist,” Not Your Engineer, to IMTS This Year

Heresy! Of course, you should take your engineers. And your leads, and your setup and operators. Why the heck should you take your economist? Does your shop even have one?

by Miles Free

Director of Industry Research and Technology, PMPA

Published August 1, 2022

I love IMTS. It is truly the grandest show for the entire metalworking industry. It helps me beat last year’s full-year average steps on my fitness tracker — in just a few days. What isn’t to like about, as Jethro Tull sang so many years ago, “expense account gruel” in Chicago? Why wouldn’t we want to “effectively associate” with so many of our industry friends, colleagues, suppliers, customers and experts in one place? Why wouldn’t we want to compare technologies — and see the best — as fuel for the next two years of dreaming, planning and purchasing to upgrade our shop’s capabilities and ability to serve our customers?

So, why then am I suggesting that this IMTS be viewed through an economic rather than an engineering lens? It’s the economy…jobs, recession, interest rates, supply shocks, energy prices and unknown unknowns.

I know, you are wondering “Why didn’t you start with the recession? Why are you leading off with jobs? We have full employment already, right?”

Right. And that is the point. We are virtually at the same record level of employment that we had prior to COVID-19. According to FRED, All Employees, Total nonfarm (PAYEMS) in February 2020, U.S. employment was 152.54 million. They report 2022 is 151.682 million for May of 2022 — a difference of 858,000.

So, with the labor force fully engaged, it may be unwise to buy new equipment, thinking/hoping that the workforce will come.

What your “economist” will counsel you is to look at your proposed purchases as a way to reduce the need for workforce, by eliminating low-value tasks and automating routines and production. Automatic bar loaders come to mind as just one example of this concept.


Do not get your “economist” started on this. They could go down the path of “technically, it is not a recession yet since a recession is negative GDP for two consecutive quarters.” Look at your order book — not your balance sheet. Orders are slowing. (Dollar volumes are not — we’ll talk about inflation in a minute.) If we are truly in a recession, we already have one quarter of negative growth behind us, then our best strategy is to keep our cash reserves as cash reserves. U.S. retail sales, business-to-business spending and industrial PMI’s reported by various federal reserve banks are all in a slowing growth mode. Could you be a contrarian and invest in growth as the rest of the economy seems to be slowing? Sure. But why would you? 

Recession — whether looming or present but unrecognized — suggests that the best investments you could make would be in technology and tools that could reduce your costs and lower your time to turn around orders. Despite the “recession” customers are still awarding contracts based on lowest costs and best delivery. Buying new technology might not provide you much return in a slowing market — while investments that reduce your costs or reduce your time to produce will increase your competitiveness by lower prices or increasing your capacity and reducing lead times.

Interest Rates

The cost of capital is a critical input to any investment decision. Our closely held family businesses are in a stronger position than many public companies because we can also have what I call “patient capital” — investments that span generations. No need to rush out when interest rates are high and the economy is slowing, except for the right investment. But, unless you have a contract in hand and faith in the counterparty, your economist would likely tell you that at this IMTS, you want to be tactical and not strategic.

“Bold play” is the best way to improve your odds when gambling, according to my statistics professors. Precision machinists are not gamblers. Your economist will bless your decision to invest in a major new technology purchase — not on speculation — but on demonstrated return on invested capital. Do the math. Don’t be hypnotized by the gee whiz factor. If you need new tech to keep the customer, to grow the customer, to sign the new customer — by all means acquire it. After you have done your due diligence on the customer, as well as on the capabilities to produce to specs as stated, that will deliver the business plan and Return On Invested Capital (ROIC). Otherwise, it is a gamble.

Supply Shocks

IMTS is probably your best place to get what you need to protect your shop and your customers from supply shocks. Having a single point of failure in your supply chain is not good business. Neither is having that single point of failure 12 time zones and some indeterminate amount of freight time by ocean vessel away. IMTS is a vibrant venue for you to find alternatives, equivalents and new suppliers for the things that you just cannot seem to find while at your shop and scouring the internet. And share your concerns with the attendees and exhibitors at IMTS — what you are looking for/what you cannot seem to find. Your “economist” probably will not be much help finding a stocking supplier of that particular unobtainable material in Swiss quality. But the person right beside you at IMTS might.

Supply Shocks Part 2

The reason that lead times are so elevated — despite the apparent economic slowdown — is because no one’s manufacturing plans survive the unscheduled delays and shortages across the supply chains. Lack of complementary parts means that, when they are finally provided, the other parts that are required escalate from “urgent” to “critical.” This may mean that duplicating some of your existing capability (that your workforce is familiar with) will increase your production and volume invoiced going forward. Ask your “economist.”

Energy Prices

Energy prices have an outsized impact on our shops because we need to pay the higher (and still escalating) prices to transform materials into parts. But also because as they grow to become a larger share of the consumer’s budget which leaves less money for consumers to spend. Your economist will tell you that the consumer spend is the backbone of the U.S. economy. Anything at IMTS that can save you energy is probably worth the investment, especially because we think inflation will be increasing costs in the future. Each penny saved on energy today may become a nickel or dime saved in a year or two, given that the “economists” at the Fed believe that we are going to have inflation for a lot longer than their official statements.

Unknown Unknowns

Well, who saw COVID-19 coming? How about the Russian invasion of Ukraine? Who would have predicted that the U.S. government would throw tariffs for national security on steel and aluminum which are needed for national security — while letting in articles made from steel and aluminum by non-allies come in tariff-free? Who would have thought that a change in administrations would maintain those tariffs, further reducing the competitiveness of U.S. manufacturers in the global markets? Who was predicting the shortage of space for full and empty containers at our West Coast ports? The shortage of chassis to handle containers. The shortage of truck drivers? 

What Is Next?

Who knows. Your economist can tell you to be cautious, and to help you make a rational business decision about what to buy or not at IMTS. But that economist will also tell you that going to IMTS may just be what it takes for you to get ahead of the next unknown. Fellow attendees, vendor presentations and media attention can provide information that does not make the news in the smaller cities. IMTS brings the entire world together in one place to focus on metalworking manufacturing technology and tools. Soak up all it has to teach you. Listen to your economist. Your biggest takeaway may not cost you anything. Listen. Engage. Bring your curiosity. And effectively associate. We will be there. And, if you do not bring your ‘economist,’ I’ll be playing one part-time at our PMPAkiosk in the Gardner Business Media booth.


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Miles Free III is the PMPADirector of Industry Affairs with over 40 years of experience in the areas of manufacturing, quality, and steelmaking. He helps answer “How?, “With what?” and “Really?” Miles’ blog is at; email –  gro.apmp@eerfm; website –